The Relationship Between Data and Information

An important aspect of managing data is ensuring that you actually have selected the correct data to answer the question or issue you are addressing. Each organization has its own approach to using information for decision making and a major factor in the successful use of information is being able to clearly represent it in meaningful ways.

As you review your Resources this week, continue your research in the Library, and prepare to write your Discussion posting, contemplate the following. Note: You do not need to directly answer these points in your Discussion post, as they serve only to begin your thinking process; however, you must explain your reasoning as you formulate your formal response.

What is the difference between data and information? Are the terms used correctly in this week’s Introduction?

How does the way a set of data is presented influence the information that it portrays?

Think of examples where you can interpret the data correctly as presented but not get an accurate picture of the information presented.

Now answer and addresses the following:

  • Post a link to one data representation that you consider clearly presented and another where the information is confusing or misleading. Describe why you selected the examples you did. How do you ensure data integrity?

Be sure to support your work with specific APA citations from this week’s Learning Resources and any additional sources.


Few, S. (2009). Now you see it: Simple visualization techniques for quantitative analysis. Oakland, CA: Analytics Press.


Chapter 1, “Information Visualization”

The introduction to this text sets the stage for appreciating the importance of analyzing data in ways that allow for better management and planning. Chapter 1 focuses on the concept of information visualization, which involves using the best techniques for presenting data in a usable format.

Few, S. (2012). Show me the numbers: Designing tables and graphs to enlighten. Oakland, CA: Analytics Press.

Chapter 1, “Introduction”

Chapter 2, “Simple Statistics to Get You Started”

In this introductory chapter, the importance of effectively communicating information through graphs and tables is highlighted and key components of design are outlined. In Chapter 2, the focus is on examining how numbers are used in the business world. The author stresses the need to appreciate what the information means before you can effectively present it.

Gonick, L., & Smith, W. (2005). The cartoon guide to statistics. New York, NY: Harper Collins Publishers.

Chapter 1, “What is Statistics?”

Chapter 2, “Data Description”

In Chapter 1 the need for statistics is highlighted and an overview of the book is provided. In Chapter 2, the focus is on descriptive statistics, which are measures that describe data. These include mean, mode, median, and standard deviation

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